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New Jersey has been called the “slave state of the North” for its deep involvement in and commitment to slavery. A direct line can be drawn from that history to today, when despite being one of the most racially diverse states in America, New Jersey is home to some of the nation’s worst racial disparities in the areas of wealth, health, education and incarceration.


New Jersey’s difficult reality was designed during our founding as a colony when English settlers were given 150 acres of land plus an additional 150 acres for each enslaved African they brought with them, while enslaved Africans were barred from owning land. 


While slavery finally ended in New Jersey in 1866, its impact did not. Generations of racist policies followed, including the cottager system; racially restrictive deeds; denial of GI benefits to Black people; redlining; and mass incarceration. 


These practices compounded over time, leading to, among other inequities, New Jersey’s staggering $300,000 racial wealth gap, itself designed during slavery. 

Because this racial inequality was created by policy design during slavery and into the present, so must be its repair.  


The New Jersey Reparations Council is the first step.



Convened by the New Jersey Institute for Social Justice co-chaired by Taja-Nia Henderson (Rutgers Law School) and Khalil Gibran Muhammad (Harvard Kennedy School), the New Jersey Reparations Council is the first-of-its-kind commission to finally confront and repair New Jersey’s deep and often overlooked involvement in slavery and its lasting impact on the contemporary life of Black people in our state.  


In this unique collaboration between leading experts from various disciplines, the Council will be composed of nine committees, each of which will address an aspect of the enduring impact of slavery in New Jersey, including: History of Slavery in New Jersey; Public Narrative & Memory; Economic Justice; Segregation in New Jersey; Democracy; Public Safety & Justice; Health Equity; Environmental Justice; and Faith and Black Resistance.   


Each committee will meet over a two-year period, hold a virtual session that includes public comment and produce a written piece laying out its research and proposing ambitious and forward-thinking policy and investment recommendations. These bold reparations proposals, which can include programs and direct payments, will be designed to build systems in which Black people are empowered to thrive in New Jersey. 


The committees’ writings will be combined into the Council’s final comprehensive report, to be released on Juneteenth 2025. The report will serve as a blueprint for New Jersey’s path forward and as a national model for how the challenging but critical work of reparations can be done.


The Council is the next phase in the Say the Word: Reparations campaign, which led to the introduction of legislation to form a state-based reparations task force. The Council’s work can be used as a vast resource for that task force as well as stand on its own as a foundational roadmap for reparative justice in New Jersey.   



This powerful event, moderated by award-winning New Yorker journalist and Dean of Columbia Journalism School Jelani Cobb, will provide a one-year update on the Council’s work. That work will culminate on Juneteenth 2025 with a publication that will serve as a blueprint for how New Jersey can repair the enduring harm to Black people from slavery and its aftermath.



Relying on comprehensive research, writing and community input, the New Jersey Reparations Council will be the first comprehensive step on a statewide level to acknowledge and repair New Jersey’s deep history of slavery and its enduring harm to Black people in the state.


The Council will shine a light on structural racism in New Jersey from slavery to today, and propose bold, transformative policy recommendations for repair.


Through its recommendations, the Council will seek not only to end the harm to Black people from slavery and what followed, but also to answer the affirmative question: What kinds of reparative systems does New Jersey need to build and invest in for Black people to thrive?   


Our vision is for the Council to think broadly – and to propose solutions that will both 1) financially compensate Black people – including descendants of enslaved people and Black immigrant populations who faced and continue to face structural racism; and 2) confront structural racism at its core, using forward-thinking transformative policies that include investments to repair the harm from the anti-Black policies that followed slavery and precluded Black people from the vast wealth and other opportunities available in New Jersey.

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